Ft_rust

Nvim :help pages, generated from source using the tree-sitter-vimdoc parser.


1. Introduction rust-intro 2. Settings rust-settings 3. Commands rust-commands 4. Mappings rust-mappings
This plugin provides syntax and supporting functionality for the Rust filetype. It requires Vim 8 or higher for full functionality. Some commands will not work on earlier versions.
This plugin has a few variables you can define in your vimrc that change the behavior of the plugin.
Some variables can be set buffer local (:b prefix), and the buffer local will take precedence over the global g: counterpart.
g:rustc_path Set this option to the path to rustc for use in the :RustRun and :RustExpand commands. If unset, rustc will be located in $PATH:
let g:rustc_path = $HOME."/bin/rustc"
g:rustc_makeprg_no_percent Set this option to 1 to have 'makeprg' default to rustc instead of rustc %:
let g:rustc_makeprg_no_percent = 1
g:rust_conceal Set this option to turn on the basic conceal support:
let g:rust_conceal = 1
g:rust_conceal_mod_path Set this option to turn on conceal for the path connecting token "::":
let g:rust_conceal_mod_path = 1
g:rust_conceal_pub Set this option to turn on conceal for the "pub" token:
let g:rust_conceal_pub = 1
g:rust_recommended_style Set this option to enable vim indentation and textwidth settings to conform to style conventions of the rust standard library (i.e. use 4 spaces for indents and sets 'textwidth' to 99). This option is enabled by default. To disable it:
let g:rust_recommended_style = 0
g:rust_fold Set this option to turn on folding:
let g:rust_fold = 1
0 No folding 1 Braced blocks are folded. All folds are open by default. 2 Braced blocks are folded. 'foldlevel' is left at the global value (all folds are closed by default).
g:rust_bang_comment_leader Set this option to 1 to preserve the leader on multi-line doc comments using the /*! syntax:
let g:rust_bang_comment_leader = 1
g:rust_use_custom_ctags_defs Set this option to 1 if you have customized ctags definitions for Rust and do not wish for those included with rust.vim to be used:
let g:rust_use_custom_ctags_defs = 1
NOTE: rust.vim's built-in definitions are only used for the Tagbar Vim plugin, if you have it installed, AND if Universal Ctags is not detected. This is because Universal Ctags already has built-in support for Rust when used with Tagbar.
Also, note that when using ctags other than Universal Ctags, it is not automatically used when generating tags files that Vim can use to navigate to definitions across different source files. Feel free to copy rust.vim/ctags/rust.ctags into your own ~/.ctags if you wish to generate tags files.
g:ftplugin_rust_source_path Set this option to a path that should be prepended to 'path' for Rust source files:
let g:ftplugin_rust_source_path = $HOME . '/dev/rust'
g:rustfmt_command Set this option to the name of the "rustfmt" executable in your $PATH. If not specified it defaults to "rustfmt" :
let g:rustfmt_command = 'rustfmt'
g:rustfmt_autosave Set this option to 1 to run :RustFmt automatically when saving a buffer. If not specified it defaults to 0 :
let g:rustfmt_autosave = 0
There is also a buffer-local b:rustfmt_autosave that can be set for the same purpose, and can override the global setting.
g:rustfmt_autosave_if_config_present Set this option to 1 to have b:rustfmt_autosave be set automatically if a rustfmt.toml file is present in any parent directly leading to the file being edited. If not set, default to 0:
let g:rustfmt_autosave_if_config_present = 0
This is useful to have rustfmt only execute on save, on projects that have rustfmt.toml configuration.
There is also a buffer-local b:rustfmt_autosave_if_config_present that can be set for the same purpose, which can overrides the global setting.
g:rustfmt_fail_silently Set this option to 1 to prevent "rustfmt" from populating the location-list with errors. If not specified it defaults to 0:
let g:rustfmt_fail_silently = 0
g:rustfmt_options Set this option to a string of options to pass to "rustfmt". The write-mode is already set to "overwrite". If not specified it defaults to '' :
let g:rustfmt_options = ''
g:rustfmt_emit_files If not specified rust.vim tries to detect the right parameter to pass to rustfmt based on its reported version. Otherwise, it determines whether to run rustfmt with '--emit=files' (when 1 is provided) instead of '--write-mode=overwrite'.
let g:rustfmt_emit_files = 0
g:rust_playpen_url Set this option to override the url for the playpen to use:
let g:rust_playpen_url = 'https://play.rust-lang.org/'
g:rust_shortener_url Set this option to override the url for the url shortener:
let g:rust_shortener_url = 'https://is.gd/'
g:rust_clip_command Set this option to the command used in your OS to copy the Rust Play url to the clipboard:
let g:rust_clip_command = 'xclip -selection clipboard'
g:cargo_makeprg_params Set this option to the string of parameters to pass to cargo. If not specified it defaults to $* :
let g:cargo_makeprg_params = 'build'
g:cargo_shell_command_runner Set this option to change how to run shell commands for cargo commands :Cargo, :Cbuild, :Crun, ... By default, :terminal is used to run shell command in terminal window asynchronously. But if you prefer :! for running the commands, it can be specified:
let g:cargo_shell_command_runner = '!'
This plugin automatically integrates with the Syntastic checker. There are two checkers provided: rustc, and cargo. The latter invokes cargo in order to build code, and the former delivers a single edited '.rs' file as a compilation target directly to the Rust compiler, rustc.
Because Cargo is almost exclusively being used for building Rust code these days, cargo is the default checker.
let g:syntastic_rust_checkers = ['cargo']
If you would like to change it, you can set g:syntastic_rust_checkers to a different value. g:rust_cargo_avoid_whole_workspace b:rust_cargo_avoid_whole_workspace When editing a crate that is part of a Cargo workspace, and this option is set to 1 (the default), then cargo will be executed directly in that crate directory instead of in the workspace directory. Setting 0 prevents this behavior - however be aware that if you are working in large workspace, Cargo commands may take more time, plus the Syntastic error list may include all the crates in the workspace.
let g:rust_cargo_avoid_whole_workspace = 0
g:rust_cargo_check_all_targets b:rust_cargo_check_all_targets When set to 1, the --all-targets option will be passed to cargo when Syntastic executes it, allowing the linting of all targets under the package. The default is 0.
g:rust_cargo_check_all_features b:rust_cargo_check_all_features When set to 1, the --all-features option will be passed to cargo when Syntastic executes it, allowing the linting of all features of the package. The default is 0.
g:rust_cargo_check_examples b:rust_cargo_check_examples When set to 1, the --examples option will be passed to cargo when Syntastic executes it, to prevent the exclusion of examples from linting. The examples are normally under the examples/ directory of the crate. The default is 0.
g:rust_cargo_check_tests b:rust_cargo_check_tests When set to 1, the --tests option will be passed to cargo when Syntastic executes it, to prevent the exclusion of tests from linting. The tests are normally under the tests/ directory of the crate. The default is 0.
g:rust_cargo_check_benches b:rust_cargo_check_benches When set to 1, the --benches option will be passed to cargo when Syntastic executes it. The benches are normally under the benches/ directory of the crate. The default is 0.
This plugin automatically configures the auto-pairs plugin not to duplicate single quotes, which are used more often for lifetime annotations than for single character literals.
Don't override auto-pairs default for the Rust filetype. The default is 0.
This plug defines very simple shortcuts for invoking Cargo from with Vim.
:Cargo <args> :Cargo Runs cargo with the provided arguments.
:Cbuild <args> :Cbuild Shortcut for cargo build .
:Cclean <args> :Cclean Shortcut for cargo clean .
:Cdoc <args> :Cdoc Shortcut for cargo doc .
:Cinit <args> :Cinit Shortcut for cargo init .
:Crun <args> :Crun Shortcut for cargo run .
:Ctest <args> :Ctest Shortcut for cargo test .
:Cupdate <args> :Cupdate Shortcut for cargo update .
:Cbench <args> :Cbench Shortcut for cargo bench .
:Csearch <args> :Csearch Shortcut for cargo search .
:Cpublish <args> :Cpublish Shortcut for cargo publish .
:Cinstall <args> :Cinstall Shortcut for cargo install .
:Cruntarget <args> :Cruntarget Shortcut for cargo run --bin or cargo run --example, depending on the currently open buffer.
:RustFmt :RustFmt Runs g:rustfmt_command on the current buffer. If g:rustfmt_options is set then those will be passed to the executable.
If g:rustfmt_fail_silently is 0 (the default) then it will populate the location-list with the errors from g:rustfmt_command. If g:rustfmt_fail_silently is set to 1 then it will not populate the location-list.
:RustFmtRange :RustFmtRange Runs g:rustfmt_command with selected range. See :RustFmt for any other information.
:RustPlay :RustPlay This command will only work if you have web-api.vim installed (available at https://github.com/mattn/webapi-vim). It sends the current selection, or if nothing is selected, the entirety of the current buffer to the Rust playpen, and emits a message with the shortened URL to the playpen.
g:rust_playpen_url is the base URL to the playpen, by default "https://play.rust-lang.org/".
g:rust_shortener_url is the base url for the shorterner, by default "https://is.gd/"
g:rust_clip_command is the command to run to copy the playpen url to the clipboard of your system.
NOTE: These commands are useful only when working with standalone Rust files, which is usually not the case for common Rust development. If you wish to building Rust crates from with Vim can should use Vim's make, Syntastic, or functionality from other plugins.
:RustRun [args] :RustRun :RustRun! [rustc-args] [--] [args] Compiles and runs the current file. If it has unsaved changes, it will be saved first using :update. If the current file is an unnamed buffer, it will be written to a temporary file first. The compiled binary is always placed in a temporary directory, but is run from the current directory.
The arguments given to :RustRun will be passed to the compiled binary.
If ! is specified, the arguments are passed to rustc instead. A "--" argument will separate the rustc arguments from the arguments passed to the binary.
If g:rustc_path is defined, it is used as the path to rustc. Otherwise it is assumed rustc can be found in $PATH.
:RustExpand [args] :RustExpand :RustExpand! [TYPE] [args] Expands the current file using --pretty and displays the results in a new split. If the current file has unsaved changes, it will be saved first using :update. If the current file is an unnamed buffer, it will be written to a temporary file first.
The arguments given to :RustExpand will be passed to rustc. This is largely intended for specifying various --cfg configurations.
If ! is specified, the first argument is the expansion type to pass to rustc --pretty . Otherwise it will default to "expanded".
If g:rustc_path is defined, it is used as the path to rustc. Otherwise it is assumed rustc can be found in $PATH.
:RustEmitIr [args] :RustEmitIr Compiles the current file to LLVM IR and displays the results in a new split. If the current file has unsaved changes, it will be saved first using :update. If the current file is an unnamed buffer, it will be written to a temporary file first.
The arguments given to :RustEmitIr will be passed to rustc.
If g:rustc_path is defined, it is used as the path to rustc. Otherwise it is assumed rustc can be found in $PATH.
:RustEmitAsm [args] :RustEmitAsm Compiles the current file to assembly and displays the results in a new split. If the current file has unsaved changes, it will be saved first using :update. If the current file is an unnamed buffer, it will be written to a temporary file first.
The arguments given to :RustEmitAsm will be passed to rustc.
If g:rustc_path is defined, it is used as the path to rustc. Otherwise it is assumed rustc can be found in $PATH.
:[N]RustTest[!] [options] :RustTest Runs a test under the cursor when the current buffer is in a cargo project with "cargo test" command. If the command did not find any test function under the cursor, it stops with an error message.
When N is given, adjust the size of the new window to N lines or columns.
When ! is given, runs all tests regardless of current cursor position.
When [options] is given, it is passed to "cargo" command arguments.
When the current buffer is outside cargo project, the command runs rustc --test command instead of "cargo test" as fallback. All tests are run regardless of adding ! since there is no way to run specific test function with rustc. [options] is passed to rustc command arguments in the case.
Takes optional modifiers (see <mods>):
:tab RustTest
:belowright 16RustTest
:leftabove vert 80RustTest
:RustInfo :RustInfo Emits debugging info of the Vim Rust plugin.
:RustInfoToClipboard :RustInfoClipboard Saves debugging info of the Vim Rust plugin to the default register.
:RustInfoToFile [filename] :RustInfoToFile Saves debugging info of the Vim Rust plugin to the given file, overwriting it.
This plugin defines mappings for [[ and ]] to support hanging indents.
Main
Commands index
Quick reference