Nvim :help pages, generated from source using the tree-sitter-vimdoc parser.

Treesitter integration
Nvim integrates the tree-sitter library for incremental parsing of buffers:
WARNING: Treesitter support is still experimental and subject to frequent changes. This documentation may also not fully reflect the latest changes.

PARSER FILES treesitter-parsers

Parsers are the heart of tree-sitter. They are libraries that tree-sitter will search for in the parser runtime directory. By default, Nvim bundles parsers for C, Lua, Vimscript, Vimdoc and Treesitter query files, but parsers can be installed manually or via a plugin like Parsers are searched for as parser/{lang}.* in any 'runtimepath' directory. If multiple parsers for the same language are found, the first one is used. (This typically implies the priority "user config > plugins > bundled". A parser can also be loaded manually using a full path:
vim.treesitter.language.add('python', { path = "/path/to/" })

TREESITTER TREES treesitter-tree

A "treesitter tree" represents the parsed contents of a buffer, which can be used to perform further analysis. It is a userdata reference to an object held by the tree-sitter library.
An instance TSTree of a treesitter tree supports the following methods.
TSTree:root() TSTree:root() Return the root node of this tree.
TSTree:copy() TSTree:copy() Returns a copy of the TSTree.

TREESITTER NODES treesitter-node

A "treesitter node" represents one specific element of the parsed contents of a buffer, which can be captured by aQuery for, e.g., highlighting. It is a userdata reference to an object held by the tree-sitter library.
An instance TSNode of a treesitter node supports the following methods.
TSNode:parent() TSNode:parent() Get the node's immediate parent.
TSNode:next_sibling() TSNode:next_sibling() Get the node's next sibling.
TSNode:prev_sibling() TSNode:prev_sibling() Get the node's previous sibling.
TSNode:next_named_sibling() TSNode:next_named_sibling() Get the node's next named sibling.
TSNode:prev_named_sibling() TSNode:prev_named_sibling() Get the node's previous named sibling.
TSNode:iter_children() TSNode:iter_children() Iterates over all the direct children of {TSNode}, regardless of whether they are named or not. Returns the child node plus the eventual field name corresponding to this child node.
TSNode:field({name}) TSNode:field() Returns a table of the nodes corresponding to the {name} field.
TSNode:child_count() TSNode:child_count() Get the node's number of children.
TSNode:child({index}) TSNode:child() Get the node's child at the given {index}, where zero represents the first child.
TSNode:named_child_count() TSNode:named_child_count() Get the node's number of named children.
TSNode:named_child({index}) TSNode:named_child() Get the node's named child at the given {index}, where zero represents the first named child.
TSNode:start() TSNode:start() Get the node's start position. Return three values: the row, column and total byte count (all zero-based).
TSNode:end_() TSNode:end_() Get the node's end position. Return three values: the row, column and total byte count (all zero-based).
TSNode:range({include_bytes}) TSNode:range() Get the range of the node.
Return four or six values:
start row
start column
start byte (if {include_bytes} is true)
end row
end column
end byte (if {include_bytes} is true)
TSNode:type() TSNode:type() Get the node's type as a string.
TSNode:symbol() TSNode:symbol() Get the node's type as a numerical id.
TSNode:named() TSNode:named() Check if the node is named. Named nodes correspond to named rules in the grammar, whereas anonymous nodes correspond to string literals in the grammar.
TSNode:missing() TSNode:missing() Check if the node is missing. Missing nodes are inserted by the parser in order to recover from certain kinds of syntax errors.
TSNode:extra() TSNode:extra() Check if the node is extra. Extra nodes represent things like comments, which are not required by the grammar but can appear anywhere.
TSNode:has_changes() TSNode:has_changes() Check if a syntax node has been edited.
TSNode:has_error() TSNode:has_error() Check if the node is a syntax error or contains any syntax errors.
TSNode:sexpr() TSNode:sexpr() Get an S-expression representing the node as a string.
TSNode:id() TSNode:id() Get an unique identifier for the node inside its own tree.
No guarantees are made about this identifier's internal representation, except for being a primitive Lua type with value equality (so not a table). Presently it is a (non-printable) string.
Note: The id is not guaranteed to be unique for nodes from different trees.
TSNode:tree() TSNode:tree() Get the TSTree of the node. TSNode:descendant_for_range() TSNode:descendant_for_range({start_row}, {start_col}, {end_row}, {end_col}) Get the smallest node within this node that spans the given range of (row, column) positions
TSNode:named_descendant_for_range() TSNode:named_descendant_for_range({start_row}, {start_col}, {end_row}, {end_col}) Get the smallest named node within this node that spans the given range of (row, column) positions TSNode:equal() TSNode:equal({node}) Check if {node} refers to the same node within the same tree.

TREESITTER QUERIES treesitter-query

Treesitter queries are a way to extract information about a parsed TSTree, e.g., for the purpose of highlighting. Briefly, a query consists of one or more patterns. A pattern is defined over node types in the syntax tree. A match corresponds to specific elements of the syntax tree which match a pattern. Patterns may optionally define captures and predicates. A capture allows you to associate names with a specific node in a pattern. A predicate adds arbitrary metadata and conditional data to a match.
Queries are written in a lisp-like language documented in Note: The predicates listed there page differ from those Nvim supports. See treesitter-predicates for a complete list of predicates supported by Nvim.
Nvim looks for queries as *.scm files in a queries directory under runtimepath, where each file contains queries for a specific language and purpose, e.g., queries/lua/highlights.scm for highlighting Lua files. By default, the first query on runtimepath is used (which usually implies that user config takes precedence over plugins, which take precedence over queries bundled with Nvim). If a query should extend other queries instead of replacing them, use treesitter-query-modeline-extends.
See lua-treesitter-query for the list of available methods for working with treesitter queries from Lua.


Predicates are special scheme nodes that are evaluated to conditionally capture nodes. For example, the eq? predicate can be used as follows:
((identifier) @foo (#eq? @foo "foo"))
to only match identifier corresponding to the "foo" text.
The following predicates are built in:
eq? treesitter-predicate-eq? Match a string against the text corresponding to a node:
((identifier) @foo (#eq? @foo "foo"))
((node1) @left (node2) @right (#eq? @left @right))
match? treesitter-predicate-match? vim-match? treesitter-predicate-vim-match? Match a regexp against the text corresponding to a node:
((identifier) @constant (#match? @constant "^[A-Z_]+$"))
Note: The ^ and $ anchors will match the start and end of the node's text.
lua-match? treesitter-predicate-lua-match? Match lua-patterns against the text corresponding to a node, similar to match?
contains? treesitter-predicate-contains? Match a string against parts of the text corresponding to a node:
((identifier) @foo (#contains? @foo "foo"))
((identifier) @foo-bar (#contains? @foo-bar "foo" "bar"))
any-of? treesitter-predicate-any-of? Match any of the given strings against the text corresponding to a node:
((identifier) @foo (#any-of? @foo "foo" "bar"))
This is the recommended way to check if the node matches one of many keywords, as it has been optimized for this.
has-ancestor? treesitter-predicate-has-ancestor? Match any of the given node types against all ancestors of a node:
((identifier) @variable.builtin
  (#any-of? @variable.builtin "begin" "end")
  (#has-ancestor? @variable.builtin range_expression))
has-parent? treesitter-predicate-has-parent? Match any of the given node types against the direct ancestor of a node:
     (field_identifier) @method)) @_parent
 (#has-parent? @_parent template_method function_declarator))
lua-treesitter-not-predicate Each predicate has a not- prefixed predicate that is just the negation of the predicate.
Further predicates can be added via vim.treesitter.query.add_predicate(). Use vim.treesitter.query.list_predicates() to list all available predicates.


Treesitter directives store metadata for a node or match and perform side effects. For example, the set! directive sets metadata on the match or node:
((identifier) @foo (#set! "type" "parameter"))
The following directives are built in:
set! treesitter-directive-set! Sets key/value metadata for a specific match or capture. Value is accessible as either metadata[key] (match specific) or metadata[capture_id][key] (capture specific).
{capture_id} (optional) {key} {value}
((identifier) @foo (#set! @foo "kind" "parameter"))
((node1) @left (node2) @right (#set! "type" "pair"))
offset! treesitter-directive-offset! Takes the range of the captured node and applies an offset. This will generate a new range object for the captured node as metadata[capture_id].range.
{capture_id} {start_row} {start_col} {end_row} {end_col}
((identifier) @constant (#offset! @constant 0 1 0 -1))
gsub! treesitter-directive-gsub! Transforms the content of the node using a Lua pattern. This will set a new metadata[capture_id].text.
{capture_id} {pattern}
(#gsub! @_node ".*%.(.*)" "%1")
trim! treesitter-directive-trim! Trim blank lines from the end of the node. This will set a new metadata[capture_id].range.
(#trim! @fold)
Further directives can be added via vim.treesitter.query.add_directive(). Use vim.treesitter.query.list_directives() to list all available directives.

TREESITTER QUERY MODELINES treesitter-query-modeline

Nvim supports to customize the behavior of the queries using a set of "modelines", that is comments in the queries starting with ;. Here are the currently supported modeline alternatives:
inherits: {lang}... treesitter-query-modeline-inherits Specifies that this query should inherit the queries from {lang}. This will recursively descend in the queries of {lang} unless wrapped in parentheses: ({lang}). Note: This is meant to be used to include queries from another language. If you want your query to extend the queries of the same language, use extends.
extends treesitter-query-modeline-extends Specifies that this query should be used as an extension for the query, i.e. that it should be merged with the others. Note: The order of the extensions, and the query that will be used as a base depends on your 'runtimepath' value.
Note: These modeline comments must be at the top of the query, but can be repeated, for example, the following two modeline blocks are both valid:
;; inherits: foo,bar
;; extends
;; extends
;; inherits: baz


Syntax highlighting is specified through queries named highlights.scm, which match a TSNode in the parsed TSTree to a capture that can be assigned a highlight group. For example, the query
(parameters (identifier) @parameter)
matches any identifier node inside a function parameter node (e.g., the bar in foo(bar)) to the capture named @parameter. It is also possible to match literal expressions (provided the parser returns them):
"return" @keyword.return
Assuming a suitable parser and highlights.scm query is found in runtimepath, treesitter highlighting for the current buffer can be enabled simply via vim.treesitter.start().
treesitter-highlight-groups The capture names, with @ included, are directly usable as highlight groups. For many commonly used captures, the corresponding highlight groups are linked to Nvim's standard highlight-groups by default but can be overridden in colorschemes.
A fallback system is implemented, so that more specific groups fallback to more generic ones. For instance, in a language that has separate doc comments, @comment.doc could be used. If this group is not defined, the highlighting for an ordinary @comment is used. This way, existing color schemes already work out of the box, but it is possible to add more specific variants for queries that make them available.
As an additional rule, capture highlights can always be specialized by language, by appending the language name after an additional dot. For instance, to highlight comments differently per language:
hi @comment.c guifg=Blue
hi @comment.lua guifg=DarkBlue
hi link String
The following captures are linked by default to standard group-names:
@text.literal      Comment
@text.reference    Identifier
@text.title        Title
@text.uri          Underlined
@text.underline    Underlined
@text.todo         Todo
@comment           Comment
@punctuation       Delimiter
@constant          Constant
@constant.builtin  Special
@constant.macro    Define
@define            Define
@macro             Macro
@string            String
@string.escape     SpecialChar
@string.special    SpecialChar
@character         Character
@character.special SpecialChar
@number            Number
@boolean           Boolean
@float             Float
@function          Function
@function.builtin  Special
@function.macro    Macro
@parameter         Identifier
@method            Function
@field             Identifier
@property          Identifier
@constructor       Special
@conditional       Conditional
@repeat            Repeat
@label             Label
@operator          Operator
@keyword           Keyword
@exception         Exception
@variable          Identifier
@type              Type
@type.definition   Typedef
@storageclass      StorageClass
@structure         Structure
@namespace         Identifier
@include           Include
@preproc           PreProc
@debug             Debug
@tag               Tag
treesitter-highlight-spell The special @spell capture can be used to indicate that a node should be spell checked by Nvim's builtin spell checker. For example, the following capture marks comments as to be checked:
(comment) @spell
There is also @nospell which disables spellchecking regions with @spell.
treesitter-highlight-conceal Treesitter highlighting supports conceal via the conceal metadata. By convention, nodes to be concealed are captured as @conceal, but any capture can be used. For example, the following query can be used to hide code block delimiters in Markdown:
(fenced_code_block_delimiter @conceal (#set! conceal ""))
It is also possible to replace a node with a single character, which (unlike legacy syntax) can be given a custom highlight. For example, the following (ill-advised) query replaces the != operator by a Unicode glyph, which is still highlighted the same as other operators:
"!=" @operator (#set! conceal "≠")
Conceals specified in this way respect 'conceallevel'.
treesitter-highlight-priority Treesitter uses nvim_buf_set_extmark() to set highlights with a default priority of 100. This enables plugins to set a highlighting priority lower or higher than tree-sitter. It is also possible to change the priority of an individual query pattern manually by setting its "priority" metadata attribute:
((super_important_node) @superimportant (#set! "priority" 105))

TREESITTER LANGUAGE INJECTIONS treesitter-language-injections

Some source files contain code written in multiple different languages. Examples include:
HTML files, which can contain JavaScript inside of <script> tags and CSS inside of <style> tags
ERB files, which contain Ruby inside of <% %> tags, and HTML outside of those tags
PHP files, which can contain HTML between the <php tags
JavaScript files, which contain regular expression syntax within regex literals
Ruby, which can contain snippets of code inside of heredoc literals, where the heredoc delimiter often indicates the language
Lua, which can contain snippets of Vimscript inside vim.cmd() calls.
Vimscript, which can contain snippets of Lua inside :lua-heredoc blocks.
All of these examples can be modeled in terms of a parent syntax tree and one or more injected syntax trees, which reside inside of certain nodes in the parent tree. The language injection query allows you to specify these “injections” using the following captures:
@injection.content - indicates that the captured node should have its contents re-parsed using another language.
@injection.language - indicates that the captured node’s text may contain the name of a language that should be used to re-parse the @injection.content.
The language injection behavior can also be configured by some properties associated with patterns:
injection.language - can be used to hard-code the name of a specific language.
injection.combined - indicates that all of the matching nodes in the tree should have their content parsed as one nested document.
injection.include-children - indicates that the @injection.content node's entire text should be re-parsed, including the text of its child nodes. By default, child nodes' text will be excluded from the injected document.
injection.self - indicates that the node's text should be parsed with the same language as the node's LanguageTree.
injection.parent - indicates that the captured node’s text should be parsed with the same language as the node's parent LanguageTree.

VIM.TREESITTER lua-treesitter

The remainder of this document is a reference manual for the vim.treesitter Lua module, which is the main interface for Nvim's tree-sitter integration. Most of the following content is automatically generated from the function documentation.
vim.treesitter.language_version The latest parser ABI version that is supported by the bundled tree-sitter library.
vim.treesitter.minimum_language_version The earliest parser ABI version that is supported by the bundled tree-sitter library.

Lua module: vim.treesitter lua-treesitter-core

foldexpr({lnum}) vim.treesitter.foldexpr() Returns the fold level for {lnum} in the current buffer. Can be set directly to 'foldexpr':
vim.wo.foldexpr = 'v:lua.vim.treesitter.foldexpr()'
{lnum} (integer|nil) Line number to calculate fold level for
vim.treesitter.get_captures_at_cursor() get_captures_at_cursor({winnr}) Returns a list of highlight capture names under the cursor
{winnr} (integer|nil) Window handle or 0 for current window (default)
string[] List of capture names
vim.treesitter.get_captures_at_pos() get_captures_at_pos({bufnr}, {row}, {col}) Returns a list of highlight captures at the given position
Each capture is represented by a table containing the capture name as a string as well as a table of metadata (priority, conceal, ...; empty if none are defined).
{bufnr} (integer) Buffer number (0 for current buffer)
{row} (integer) Position row
{col} (integer) Position column
table[] List of captures { capture = "name", metadata = { ... } }
get_node({opts}) vim.treesitter.get_node() Returns the smallest named node at the given position
{opts} (table|nil) Optional keyword arguments:
bufnr integer|nil Buffer number (nil or 0 for current buffer)
pos table|nil 0-indexed (row, col) tuple. Defaults to cursor position in the current window. Required if {bufnr} is not the current buffer
ignore_injections boolean Ignore injected languages (default true)
TSNode | nil Node at the given position
get_node_range({node_or_range}) vim.treesitter.get_node_range() Returns the node's range or an unpacked range table
{node_or_range} (TSNode | table) Node or table of positions
Return (multiple):
(integer) start_row (integer) start_col (integer) end_row (integer) end_col
vim.treesitter.get_node_text() get_node_text({node}, {source}, {opts}) Gets the text corresponding to a given node
{node} TSNode
{source} (integer|string) Buffer or string from which the {node} is extracted
{opts} (table|nil) Optional parameters.
metadata (table) Metadata of a specific capture. This would be set to metadata[capture_id] when using vim.treesitter.query.add_directive().
get_parser({bufnr}, {lang}, {opts}) vim.treesitter.get_parser() Returns the parser for a specific buffer and attaches it to the buffer
If needed, this will create the parser.
{bufnr} (integer|nil) Buffer the parser should be tied to (default: current buffer)
{lang} (string|nil) Filetype of this parser (default: buffer filetype)
{opts} (table|nil) Options to pass to the created language tree
LanguageTree object to use for parsing
get_range({node}, {source}, {metadata}) vim.treesitter.get_range() Get the range of a TSNode. Can also supply {source} and {metadata} to get the range with directives applied.
{node} TSNode
{source} integer|string|nil Buffer or string from which the {node} is extracted
{metadata} TSMetadata|nil
vim.treesitter.get_string_parser() get_string_parser({str}, {lang}, {opts}) Returns a string parser
{str} (string) Text to parse
{lang} (string) Language of this string
{opts} (table|nil) Options to pass to the created language tree
LanguageTree object to use for parsing
inspect_tree({opts}) vim.treesitter.inspect_tree() Open a window that displays a textual representation of the nodes in the language tree.
While in the window, press "a" to toggle display of anonymous nodes, "I" to toggle the display of the source language of each node, "o" to toggle the query editor, and press <Enter> to jump to the node under the cursor in the source buffer.
Can also be shown with :InspectTree. :InspectTree
{opts} (table|nil) Optional options table with the following possible keys:
lang (string|nil): The language of the source buffer. If omitted, the filetype of the source buffer is used.
bufnr (integer|nil): Buffer to draw the tree into. If omitted, a new buffer is created.
winid (integer|nil): Window id to display the tree buffer in. If omitted, a new window is created with {command}.
command (string|nil): Vimscript command to create the window. Default value is "60vnew". Only used when {winid} is nil.
title (string|fun(bufnr:integer):string|nil): Title of the window. If a function, it accepts the buffer number of the source buffer as its only argument and should return a string.
is_ancestor({dest}, {source}) vim.treesitter.is_ancestor() Determines whether a node is the ancestor of another
{dest} TSNode Possible ancestor
{source} TSNode Possible descendant
(boolean) True if {dest} is an ancestor of {source}
vim.treesitter.is_in_node_range() is_in_node_range({node}, {line}, {col}) Determines whether (line, col) position is in node range
{node} TSNode defining the range
{line} (integer) Line (0-based)
{col} (integer) Column (0-based)
(boolean) True if the position is in node range
node_contains({node}, {range}) vim.treesitter.node_contains() Determines if a node contains a range
{node} TSNode
{range} (table)
(boolean) True if the {node} contains the {range}
start({bufnr}, {lang}) vim.treesitter.start() Starts treesitter highlighting for a buffer
Can be used in an ftplugin or FileType autocommand.
Note: By default, disables regex syntax highlighting, which may be required for some plugins. In this case, add = 'on' after the call to start.
vim.api.nvim_create_autocmd( 'FileType', { pattern = 'tex',
    callback = function(args)
        vim.treesitter.start(args.buf, 'latex')[args.buf].syntax = 'on'  -- only if additional legacy syntax is needed
{bufnr} (integer|nil) Buffer to be highlighted (default: current buffer)
{lang} (string|nil) Language of the parser (default: buffer filetype)
stop({bufnr}) vim.treesitter.stop() Stops treesitter highlighting for a buffer
{bufnr} (integer|nil) Buffer to stop highlighting (default: current buffer)

Lua module: vim.treesitter.language lua-treesitter-language

add({lang}, {opts}) vim.treesitter.language.add() Load parser with name {lang}
Parsers are searched in the parser runtime directory, or the provided {path}
{lang} (string) Name of the parser (alphanumerical and _ only)
{opts} (table|nil) Options:
filetype (string|string[]) Default filetype the parser should be associated with. Defaults to {lang}.
path (string|nil) Optional path the parser is located at
symbol_name (string|nil) Internal symbol name for the language to load
get_filetypes({lang}) vim.treesitter.language.get_filetypes() Get the filetypes associated with the parser named {lang}.
{lang} (string) Name of parser
string[] filetypes
get_lang({filetype}) vim.treesitter.language.get_lang()
{filetype} (string)
inspect({lang}) vim.treesitter.language.inspect() Inspects the provided language.
Inspecting provides some useful information on the language like node names, ...
{lang} (string) Language
register({lang}, {filetype}) vim.treesitter.language.register() Register a parser named {lang} to be used for {filetype}(s).
{lang} (string) Name of parser
{filetype} string|string[] Filetype(s) to associate with lang

Lua module: vim.treesitter.query lua-treesitter-query

vim.treesitter.query.add_directive() add_directive({name}, {handler}, {force}) Adds a new directive to be used in queries
Handlers can set match level data by setting directly on the metadata object metadata.key = value, additionally, handlers can set node level data by using the capture id on the metadata table metadata[capture_id].key = value
{name} (string) Name of the directive, without leading #
{handler} function(match:table<string,TSNode>, pattern:string, bufnr:integer, predicate:string[], metadata:table)
match: see treesitter-query
node-level data are accessible via match[capture_id]
pattern: see treesitter-query
predicate: list of strings containing the full directive being called, e.g. (node (#set! conceal "-")) would get the predicate { "#set!", "conceal", "-" }
{force} (boolean|nil)
vim.treesitter.query.add_predicate() add_predicate({name}, {handler}, {force}) Adds a new predicate to be used in queries
{name} (string) Name of the predicate, without leading #
{handler} function(match:table<string,TSNode>, pattern:string, bufnr:integer, predicate:string[])
see vim.treesitter.query.add_directive() for argument meanings
{force} (boolean|nil)
edit({lang}) vim.treesitter.query.edit() Opens a live editor to query the buffer you started from.
Can also be shown with :EditQuery.
If you move the cursor to a capture name ("@foo"), text matching the capture is highlighted in the source buffer. The query editor is a scratch buffer, use :write to save it. You can find example queries at $VIMRUNTIME/queries/.
{lang} (string|nil) language to open the query editor for. If omitted, inferred from the current buffer's filetype.
get({lang}, {query_name}) vim.treesitter.query.get() Returns the runtime query {query_name} for {lang}.
{lang} (string) Language to use for the query
{query_name} (string) Name of the query (e.g. "highlights")
Query|nil Parsed query
vim.treesitter.query.get_files() get_files({lang}, {query_name}, {is_included}) Gets the list of files used to make up a query
{lang} (string) Language to get query for
{query_name} (string) Name of the query to load (e.g., "highlights")
{is_included} (boolean|nil) Internal parameter, most of the time left as nil
string[] query_files List of files to load for given query and language
lint({buf}, {opts}) vim.treesitter.query.lint() Lint treesitter queries using installed parser, or clear lint errors.
Use treesitter-parsers in runtimepath to check the query file in {buf} for errors:
verify that used nodes are valid identifiers in the grammar.
verify that predicates and directives are valid.
verify that top-level s-expressions are valid.
The found diagnostics are reported using diagnostic-api. By default, the parser used for verification is determined by the containing folder of the query file, e.g., if the path ends in /lua/highlights.scm , the parser for the lua language will be used.
{buf} (integer) Buffer handle
{opts} (QueryLinterOpts|nil) Optional keyword arguments:
langs (string|string[]|nil) Language(s) to use for checking the query. If multiple languages are specified, queries are validated for all of them
clear (boolean) if true, just clear current lint errors
list_directives() vim.treesitter.query.list_directives() Lists the currently available directives to use in queries.
string[] List of supported directives.
list_predicates() vim.treesitter.query.list_predicates() Lists the currently available predicates to use in queries.
string[] List of supported predicates.
omnifunc({findstart}, {base}) vim.treesitter.query.omnifunc() Omnifunc for completing node names and predicates in treesitter queries.
Use via = 'v:lua.vim.treesitter.query.omnifunc'
parse({lang}, {query}) vim.treesitter.query.parse() Parse {query} as a string. (If the query is in a file, the caller should read the contents into a string before calling).
Returns a Query (see lua-treesitter-query) object which can be used to search nodes in the syntax tree for the patterns defined in {query} using iter_* methods below.
Exposes info and captures with additional context about {query}.
captures contains the list of unique capture names defined in {query}. -`info.captures` also points to captures.
info.patterns contains information about predicates.
{lang} (string) Language to use for the query
{query} (string) Query in s-expr syntax
Query Parsed query
Query:iter_captures() Query:iter_captures({node}, {source}, {start}, {stop}) Iterate over all captures from all matches inside {node}
{source} is needed if the query contains predicates; then the caller must ensure to use a freshly parsed tree consistent with the current text of the buffer (if relevant). {start} and {stop} can be used to limit matches inside a row range (this is typically used with root node as the {node}, i.e., to get syntax highlight matches in the current viewport). When omitted, the {start} and {stop} row values are used from the given node.
The iterator returns three values: a numeric id identifying the capture, the captured node, and metadata from any directives processing the match. The following example shows how to get captures by name:
for id, node, metadata in query:iter_captures(tree:root(), bufnr, first, last) do
  local name = query.captures[id] -- name of the capture in the query
  -- typically useful info about the node:
  local type = node:type() -- type of the captured node
  local row1, col1, row2, col2 = node:range() -- range of the capture
  -- ... use the info here ...
{node} TSNode under which the search will occur
{source} (integer|string) Source buffer or string to extract text from
{start} (integer) Starting line for the search
{stop} (integer) Stopping line for the search (end-exclusive)
(fun(end_line: integer|nil): integer, TSNode, TSMetadata): capture id, capture node, metadata
Query:iter_matches() Query:iter_matches({node}, {source}, {start}, {stop}, {opts}) Iterates the matches of self on a given range.
Iterate over all matches within a {node}. The arguments are the same as for Query:iter_captures() but the iterated values are different: an (1-based) index of the pattern in the query, a table mapping capture indices to nodes, and metadata from any directives processing the match. If the query has more than one pattern, the capture table might be sparse and e.g. pairs() method should be used over ipairs. Here is an example iterating over all captures in every match:
for pattern, match, metadata in cquery:iter_matches(tree:root(), bufnr, first, last) do
  for id, node in pairs(match) do
    local name = query.captures[id]
    -- `node` was captured by the `name` capture in the match
    local node_data = metadata[id] -- Node level metadata
    -- ... use the info here ...
{node} TSNode under which the search will occur
{source} (integer|string) Source buffer or string to search
{start} (integer) Starting line for the search
{stop} (integer) Stopping line for the search (end-exclusive)
{opts} (table|nil) Options:
max_start_depth (integer) if non-zero, sets the maximum start depth for each match. This is used to prevent traversing too deep into a tree. Requires treesitter >= 0.20.9.
(fun(): integer, table<integer,TSNode>, table): pattern id, match, metadata
set({lang}, {query_name}, {text}) vim.treesitter.query.set() Sets the runtime query named {query_name} for {lang}
This allows users to override any runtime files and/or configuration set by plugins.
{lang} (string) Language to use for the query
{query_name} (string) Name of the query (e.g., "highlights")
{text} (string) Query text (unparsed).

Lua module: vim.treesitter.languagetree lua-treesitter-languagetree

A LanguageTree contains a tree of parsers: the root treesitter parser for {lang} and any "injected" language parsers, which themselves may inject other languages, recursively. For example a Lua buffer containing some Vimscript commands needs multiple parsers to fully understand its contents.
To create a LanguageTree (parser object) for a given buffer and language, use:
local parser = vim.treesitter.get_parser(bufnr, lang)
(where bufnr=0 means current buffer). lang defaults to 'filetype'. Note: currently the parser is retained for the lifetime of a buffer but this may change; a plugin should keep a reference to the parser object if it wants incremental updates.
Whenever you need to access the current syntax tree, parse the buffer:
local tree = parser:parse({ start_row, end_row })
This returns a table of immutable treesitter-tree objects representing the current state of the buffer. When the plugin wants to access the state after a (possible) edit it must call parse() again. If the buffer wasn't edited, the same tree will be returned again without extra work. If the buffer was parsed before, incremental parsing will be done of the changed parts.
Note: To use the parser directly inside a nvim_buf_attach() Lua callback, you must call vim.treesitter.get_parser() before you register your callback. But preferably parsing shouldn't be done directly in the change callback anyway as they will be very frequent. Rather a plugin that does any kind of analysis on a tree should use a timer to throttle too frequent updates.
LanguageTree:children() LanguageTree:children() Returns a map of language to child tree.
LanguageTree:contains({range}) LanguageTree:contains() Determines whether {range} is contained in the LanguageTree.
{range} (table) { start_line, start_col, end_line, end_col }
LanguageTree:destroy() LanguageTree:destroy() Destroys this LanguageTree and all its children.
Any cleanup logic should be performed here.
Note: This DOES NOT remove this tree from a parent. Instead, remove_child must be called on the parent to remove it.
LanguageTree:for_each_tree({fn}) LanguageTree:for_each_tree() Invokes the callback for each LanguageTree recursively.
Note: This includes the invoking tree's child trees as well.
{fn} fun(tree: TSTree, ltree: LanguageTree)
LanguageTree:included_regions() LanguageTree:included_regions() Gets the set of included regions managed by this LanguageTree . This can be different from the regions set by injection query, because a partial LanguageTree:parse() drops the regions outside the requested range.
table<integer, Range6[]>
LanguageTree:invalidate({reload}) LanguageTree:invalidate() Invalidates this parser and all its children
{reload} (boolean|nil)
LanguageTree:is_valid({exclude_children}) LanguageTree:is_valid() Returns whether this LanguageTree is valid, i.e., LanguageTree:trees() reflects the latest state of the source. If invalid, user should call LanguageTree:parse().
{exclude_children} (boolean|nil) whether to ignore the validity of children (default false)
LanguageTree:lang() LanguageTree:lang() Gets the language of this tree node.
LanguageTree:language_for_range() LanguageTree:language_for_range({range}) Gets the appropriate language that contains {range}.
{range} (table) { start_line, start_col, end_line, end_col }
LanguageTree Managing {range}
LanguageTree:named_node_for_range() LanguageTree:named_node_for_range({range}, {opts}) Gets the smallest named node that contains {range}.
{range} (table) { start_line, start_col, end_line, end_col }
{opts} (table|nil) Optional keyword arguments:
ignore_injections boolean Ignore injected languages (default true)
TSNode | nil Found node
LanguageTree:parse({range}) LanguageTree:parse() Recursively parse all regions in the language tree using treesitter-parsers for the corresponding languages and run injection queries on the parsed trees to determine whether child trees should be created and parsed.
Any region with empty range ({}, typically only the root tree) is always parsed; otherwise (typically injections) only if it intersects {range} (or if {range} is true).
{range} boolean|Range|nil: Parse this range in the parser's source. Set to true to run a complete parse of the source (Note: Can be slow!) Set to false|nil to only parse regions with empty ranges (typically only the root tree without injections).
table<integer, TSTree>
LanguageTree:register_cbs() LanguageTree:register_cbs({cbs}, {recursive}) Registers callbacks for the LanguageTree.
{cbs} (table) An nvim_buf_attach()-like table argument with the following handlers:
on_bytes : see nvim_buf_attach(), but this will be called after the parsers callback.
on_changedtree : a callback that will be called every time the tree has syntactical changes. It will be passed two arguments: a table of the ranges (as node ranges) that changed and the changed tree.
on_child_added : emitted when a child is added to the tree.
on_child_removed : emitted when a child is removed from the tree.
on_detach : emitted when the buffer is detached, see nvim_buf_detach_event. Takes one argument, the number of the buffer.
{recursive} (boolean|nil) Apply callbacks recursively for all children. Any new children will also inherit the callbacks.
LanguageTree:source() LanguageTree:source() Returns the source content of the language tree (bufnr or string).
LanguageTree:tree_for_range() LanguageTree:tree_for_range({range}, {opts}) Gets the tree that contains {range}.
{range} (table) { start_line, start_col, end_line, end_col }
{opts} (table|nil) Optional keyword arguments:
ignore_injections boolean Ignore injected languages (default true)
LanguageTree:trees() LanguageTree:trees() Returns all trees of the regions parsed by this parser. Does not include child languages. The result is list-like if
this LanguageTree is the root, in which case the result is empty or a singleton list; or
the root LanguageTree is fully parsed.
table<integer, TSTree>
Commands index
Quick reference